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Asparagus production in Mexico increases by 10.4%

One hectare's production value of this crop, and its export potential, are among the factors that make it attractive.



Mexican asparagus production grew 10.4 percent in 2020 compared to the previous year, totaling 301,000 tons, a trend that has been on the rise in recent years.

Data from the Agrifood and Fisheries Information Service (SIAP) indicate that 246,000 tons were produced in 2017, a year later production increased to 278,000 tons, although in 2019 it had a slight decrease to 272,000 tons.

Mexico is the world's third largest producer of asparagus. Thus, 30 percent of the produced volume of the vegetable in the world comes from the fields of the country.

During 2020, most of it was exported to the United States, in addition to Spain, Chile, Japan, Belize, the United Kingdom, Panama, Hong Kong and the United Arab Emirates, among others.

The main producing entities are Sonora, Guanajuato, Baja California Sur and Baja California, states that concentrate 80.4 percent of the national harvested volume that is equivalent to 287,000 tons.

The rest of the states where asparagus is also grown are Querétaro, Michoacán, Coahuila, Sinaloa, Aguascalientes, Durango, Tlaxcala, Jalisco, San Luis Potosí, México and Hidalgo.

The harvest of this crop is developed throughout the year, with production peaks during the months of December to April; In these five months, more than 70 percent of the supply available in the country is obtained.

Asparagus is a perennial crop with a cycle of 18 months, and when it reaches one meter in height, its harvest begins; the value of the production of one hectare of this crop, as well as its export potential, represent an attraction for organized farmers.

In our country, six out of every ten tons are harvested in the first four months of the year.

Annual per capita consumption in Mexico is 0.8 kilograms and its share in national vegetable production is 1.8 percent.

The vegetable contains vegetable protein, carbohydrates, fiber; Vitamins include C, B3, B1, B2, B6, B9 and A and provide minerals such as potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, zinc and iodine.

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