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The Polish TSW horticultural exhibition's conferences will address the latest developments in machinery

During the presentations, the possibilities of using ground vehicles, robots, drones and the latest technological solutions will be presented to increase the efficiency of work in orchards and vegetable plantations.


Conference on machinery at the TSW exhibition in Poland.

One of part of the Fruit and Vegetable Growing Fair, there will be a machinery conference presenting the possibilities of using ground vehicles, robots, drones and the latest technological solutions increasing the efficiency of work in orchards and vegetable plantations. 

BLOCK 1: Facilities and benefits in the use of combine harvesters, robots, autonomous vehicles and maturity sensors during fruit and vegetable harvesting

The first thematic block concerns on the possibilities of using robots in orchards, especially for fruit picking. Currently, the autonomous and self-propelled structures intended for inter-row work and chemical protection of orchards are mass-produced and available on the market, but some start-ups have also developed models of robots intended for fruit harvesting. Most of them are equipped with manipulators with grippers. The most popular solutions used in their construction will be discussed and are based on:  

  1. 1. integrating a robot equipped with a manipulator with a large-diameter flexible cable with a suction cup,  

  2. 2. using a robot arm with a clamping gripper and manipulators with cameras connected to the vision system,  

  3. 3. integrating the robot with drones equipped with suction cups and combining several robots of this type into one team working together.  
Harvesters and automatic harvesters for fruit and vegetables will also be presented, along with sensors for checking their ripeness and also used for selective fruit collection (touch and non-contact sensors) as well as remote crop monitoring systems (Internet of Things). 

BLOCK 2: From orchard monitoring to automatic mechanical weeders and the use of drones for spraying in orchards and vegetable plantations

The second thematic block is dedicated to the assessment of damage and threats to fruit and vegetable crops, as well as diagnostic tools and methods that may be helpful. It includes the use of satellite images to monitor orchards (plant crops, their fertilizer and water needs), as well as methods of weeding fields using modern automatic mechanical weeders (active and passive, unconventional and weeding robots). The most interesting weed removal machines and robots will be presented, along with their control methods (vision, laser, radar and others), as well as the directions and development prospects. We will be discussed topic of the use of low-altitude unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) for precise treatments, such as spraying in orchards and vegetable plantations with
taking into account costs. Finally, we will be discuseed about the types of drones and mapping systems in sprayers and autonomous land vehicles of Polish production for combating weeds in agricultural and vegetable crops, orchards and nurseries. 

BLOCK 3: Technological solutions used in ground vehicles for orchard work

The third thematic block concerns technological solutions used in ground vehicles used for orchard work and UAVs. It will present issues related to the construction, advantages and operating costs of hydrostatic and hybrid transmissions, their maintenance and hydraulic and electrical energy recuperation in CVTs. The topic of discussion will be the arrangement of agricultural tools, solutions used in the drives of working elements, methods of managing residues after delimbing and the costs of implementing all solutions thanks to the use of ground vehicles and UAVs for machine shaping of fruit trees' crowns. In the case of tractors and orchard and agricultural vehicles, differences in hybrid and electric drive, fuel cells and their coordination with the photovoltaic network, as well as problems such as electricity consumption and distribution network overload will be discussed.

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